Partyforumseasia: Formed after the pro-democracy demonstrations in 1988, the party won, obviously not expected by the military, the 1990 election with 392 out of 492 seats. Prevented from forming a government, the party suffered repression at the hands of the military and Aung San Suu Kyi, leader and secretary general of the party spent 16 of thefollowing 21 years in prison or house arrest. With her resistance against the military abd receiving in 199 the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought and in 1990 and the Nobel Peace Prize, Aung San Suu Kyi became a symbol of the democratic aspiration of the Myanmar people and world famous as “democracy icon”. After boycotting the 2010 elections which started the political opening of the country for too tight restrictions, the NLD came back with a sweeping victory in the 2012 by-election, winning 43 out of 44 contested mandates. The party is now represented in the national parliament as follows:
The list of political parties represented in the national parliament of Myanmar gives an impression of the ethnic diversity which causes enormous problems for the governability of the country.
Membership: According to Nirmal Ghosh,
Straits Times 11.3. 2013, page A8,
the NLD has over a million members
but losing influence in the ethnic minority areas, an estimated third of the country.