Partyforumseasia: The following list gives an impression of the complex party landscape in Sabah. It mirrors in different ways the ethnic divisions of the East Malaysian federal state, the limited control from Kuala Lumpur, and the widespread resentment against the federal government caused by an unbalanced distribution of resources.
Barisan Nasional: United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA), Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC), Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB), Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS), Parti Gerakan Rakyat (Gerakan), People’s Progressive Party (PPP), Sarawak United Peoples’ Party (SUPP), Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah (PBRS), United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO), Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party (SPDP), Parti Rakyat Sarawak (PRS)
Others: Parti Rakyat Malaysia (PRM), Malaysian Workers’ Party (PPM), Malaysian Dayak Congress (MDC), Hizb ut-Tahrir, Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (BERJASA), Malaysian Indian Muslim Congress (KIMMA), United Pasok Nunukragang National Organisation (PASOK), Community Coalition Congress (CCC), Federated Sabah People’s Front (BERSEKUTU), United Democratic Sabah People’s Power Party (SETIA), State Reform Party (STAR), Malaysian People’s Wellbeing Party (KITA), Malaysian Democratic Party (MDP), All Malaysian Indian Progressive Front (AMIPF), Punjabi Party of Malaysia (PPM). Parti Sosialis Malaysia (PSM), Parti Bangsa Dayak Sarawak (PBDS), Sabah Progressive Party (SAPP), Malaysian Indian United Party (MIUP), Parti Cinta Malaysia (PCM), Malaysian Makkal Sakhti Party, Human Rights Party (HRP), Parti Ekonomi Rakyat Sarawak Bersatu (PERSB), Sarawak National Party (SNAP), Persatuan Rakyat Malaysia Sarawak (PERMAS)